Life And Work

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He worked as curate in Metlika.


The French Academy of Sciences on the 19th of August announced the daguerreotype process, which is photography on silver-coated copper plates at its solemn session and gave the credit for the invention to Daguerre.

This is most likely the year when Puhar familiarised himself with the daguerreotype process.

The announcement of the daguerreotype process at the Academy of Sciences in Paris


According to the records of Jurij Jarc, Puhar's first biographer, Puhar had already mastered the daguerreotype process by this time. However, the process was difficult and most of all very expensive. Jarc also wrote that Puhar liked to read specialised newspapers. That was how he found out about Daguerre's invention, after which he bought the necessary instruments and "endeavoured day and night, but produced little of great value". Unfortunately, his daguerreotypes and first attempts at photography on glass were not preserved.


A man from Metlika in White Carniola published a report in the Carniolia that some new invention related to the daguerreotype process was being created in Metlika - the report mentions the name Janez Puhar.

The Austrian specialised gazette called "Innenösterreichisches und Gewerbeblatt" invited the unknown inventor to describe in detail the originality and the practical application of his invention.


Puhar discussed the originality of his invention in the Carniolia. He stated that he uses paper for copying, and glass for when he wants pictures with greater detail. In his process, the prototype (the negative) used for image reproduction stays clean and can be reused to make an unlimited number of copies.

Puhar's announcement in the Carniolia, 16 June 1841


Puhar on the 19th of April invented photography on glass and called it the hyalotype (image on glass) or, "svetlopis" in Slovenian, which is the Slovenian translation of the word "photography". His photographs are today called "puharotipije" ("puharotypes") in his honour.

That year, J. Bosch, the first foreign travelling daguerreotype expert, started working in Slovenia.

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July 20